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The howto in growing Raspberries

In knowing how to grow raspberries, first it helps to know a little something about the different types of berries as well as the differences in growing them.

Although the raspberry may be yellow, red, purple or black, it is categorized into one of two cultivars. The June bearing cultivar will bear fruit once a year during the summer months and the ever-bearing cultivar will produce both a summer and a fall crop of berries.

Both the yellow (or gold) and the ever bearing red raspberry have the same characteristics for growing and the same needs for raspberry care. Perhaps the major difference between them is that the ever-bearing yellow raspberry is the only raspberry that can be cultivated to produce sweet golden raspberry wine. Red and yellow raspberries propagate from their perennial roots. These ?root suckers? are new growth that will become the primocanes in the first full growing season.

Purple and black raspberries have the same characteristics for growth and the same needs for raspberry care. Both propagate from new growth spurs that develop from the crown (where the cane meets the roots). Purple and black raspberries are pruned by ?tipping? or pinching the ends off. Tipping encourages foliage growth in primocanes and foliage, blossom production, and fruit in floricanes.

Some things all raspberries have in common are that:

1) Raspberries are ?brambles? from the genus Rubus and in the Rose (Rosaceae) family.
2) Raspberry canes are biennials. First year growth (primocanes) grow foliage and second year growth (floricanes) bears fruit and flowers. After the last harvest of the season, floricanes are removed from the raspberry stand and destroyed. This practice allows more room for new growth and aids in disease prevention.
3) Although raspberry canes are biennials, their roots and crowns are perennial.
3) Raspberries are typically grown from transplants.
4) Raspberries should be planted on a cool, cloudy day in a sunny location with well-drained, slightly acidic soil that has been prepared by working in rich organic matter such as manure or compost.
5) Raspberries should be planted in the spring as soon as the last frost has left the ground.
6) Raspberries are very susceptible to several strains of fungal diseases. Most of these diseases can be prevented by eliminating all weeds and any weak, damaged or infected canes from the raspberry stand.
7) Raspberries are used in jams, jellies, wine making, and pies. They also taste great when they are fresh picked!



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