When you begin to talk about raspberry growing, it sounds like it should
be a simple subject. Actually, it is? after you choose what cultivar, color,
and variety of raspberry you would like to grow!
The raspberry is the ?second fruit of the summer,? only overtaken by its
relative, the strawberry, which holds first place for ?June-bearing?. Like
the strawberry, the raspberry is a member of the genus, Rubus. There are two
cultivars of raspberry: the summer bearing and the ever bearing. The main
way these two cultivars differ is that the summer bearing produces fruit
only once a season, while the ever-bearing raspberry completes the growing
season with both a summer and an autumn crop of fruit.
Raspberries come in a rainbow of colors: yellow, red, purple, and black with
varieties in varying shades.
Yellow and red raspberries are closely related, as are purple and black.
You?ll often find the yellow or red raspberry growing in a narrow hedgerow
with plants supported by a raspberry trellis. Yellow and red raspberries
propagate in two ways: by ?root suckers? and crown ?shoots?. The gardener
reaps several benefits from a raspberry stand that is planted for growing in
hedgerows. Aside from simplifying both cultivation and harvest, the narrow
hedgerow also allows the gardener to control the speed of propagation as
well as limits the area the raspberry stand can occupy.
Both the purple and black raspberry were originally developed by nurseries
growing red raspberry/blackberry hybrids. Neither purple nor black
raspberries send out runners or propagate from root suckers like their red
and yellow relatives. Like their blackberry ancestor, both purple and black
raspberries propagate through crown shoots and tip rooting. The easiest way
to maintain a productive purple or black raspberry stand is to propagate
them through crown shoots, which is new growth, found at the base of
fruiting plants. Propagation in this way allows you to prune the tips of
your canes before they bend over and take root. Aside from keeping a tidier
raspberry stand, pruning allows your black or purple raspberry canes to grow
lateral fruit and blossom bearing branches.
Pruning a raspberry stand is a basic part of growing raspberries. Although
the stand needs weeding, water, and minimal pruning throughout the growing
season, leave major pruning for fall. Fall pruning consists of cutting down
all second year canes (floricanes) to crown level and discarding them. Thin
new growth and primocanes (first year growth), leaving only strong and
healthy plants to winter.
If you are going to add to a raspberry stand or begin a new one, autumn is
also the best time to begin your project. Till the ground until the soil is
well worked and add aged manure or compost to help the soil stay loose and
retain moisture. Then you will be ready for raspberry growing in the spring!
For more information about other services and products choose from one of
the following links: