Annual and Seasonal Pruning
Pruning Basics - Why Prune Anyway
Most bushes and shrubs benefit from a light or heavier annual pruning at the
proper time. Pruning increases harvest, whether of flowers or fruit. It helps to
prevent disease by removing diseased or broken branches that could be
susceptible. And it keeps under control those vines or bushes that tend to
become rampant and take over the whole garden.
Shape and From Trees and Bushes
Pruning also shapes a young tree into the correct way of growing for optimum
health and productivity. Trees can easily grow into lop-sided shapes that are
neither artistically pleasing nor good for the tree. Wet weather or constant
winds can easily uproot a tree that is growing in a lopsided manner. Proper
development of the tree through pruning is critical during its young stage of
growth. If it's left till the tree is big, a balanced shape is harder to
Pruning for Fruit Gardeners
For the fruit gardening lovers it is a known fact that pruning their bushes,
trees or vines will not only keep their plants in the proper place but is
essential to the harvest you can expect at the end of the season. Be sure to
read the section on pruning the different fruit at this site.
Pruning equipment should be kept sharp and in good condition to aid in a clean
cut that will heal quickly. When pruning a branch, it should be taken back to
where there is another bud or section that is growing to avoid leaving a stump
that will die back a further several inches or more. If a large branch must be
pruned, cover the cut with grafting mastic or paint that is water-resistant to
help it heal and prevent disease.
When to Prune and When NOT to prune
Pruning should be done prior to the main growth seasons of spring and fall. With
coniferous evergreens and broadleaf trees such as yew, holly, junipers, cypress,
boxwood, nandina and arborvitae, spring is the most important season and so
pruning should be done in late winter.
Certain varieties of tree set their flower buds on in the autumn, so they need
to be pruned after they have flowered or else you risk taking away that glorious
profusion of flowers. Deciduous trees often send up suckers from the base of the
trunk too, and these should be cut off or the look of the tree will be
Exceptions to the Pruning Rule
Summer flowering trees should be pruned at a different time to those trees that
flower in the spring. Certain fruit trees such as peaches grow the fruit on the
last season's branches, so if you prune them back you risk getting less fruit.
On the other hand, if there seems to be excessive growth, you may need to do
some judicious pruning to save the tree from overload and increase the size of
Annual pruning stimulates growth, so if you live in a snowy area, don't prune in
late autumn or freezing weather will ruin the new growth.
Annual And Seasonal Pruning
Pruning, Pinching and Clipping Shrubs
Pruning Blackberry Bushes
Pruning Apple Trees