For many years, the plant was thought to be a primitive grass but recent
DNA testing has shown it to be one of the most highly evolved forest
grasses. There are over 1200 forms of bamboo that grow in a broad spectrum
of color including the familiar green and gold as well as burgundy, blue and
even black grasses. Some varieties can grow up to a foot a day and
ultimately reach 130 feet tall while the smallest cultivar attains only six
inches of growth.
The first step to grow bamboo is picking a cultivar that fits your needs and possibilities and beginning to unravel its many mysteries. While most of us picture tall stands of green and golden canes growing in tropical forests, bamboo cultivars range from the temperate to the tropical.
As well as diversity in cultivar, the pant has over 1500 documented uses that range from use in construction to the making of acupuncture needles and from agricultural fodder to the making of musical instruments. Until they are cut, bamboos stems are properly called culms and not canes.
In India bamboo plants are commonly called the "Wood of the poor" and in
China the" friend of the people". To add to the confusion, a cultivar
commonly sold as "lucky bamboo" isn't bamboo at all but a type of lily from
the Dracaena family!
Unluckily for bamboo, it has the reputation for being an invasive plant, growing from running rhizomes. Although this is true for some cultivars, the most cold-hardy plants don't run at all, but grow from well-behaved clumps with well-established root systems.
One thing that all the cultivars do have in common is that they are perennials. As noted above, some varieties are temperate and some are tropical. Because its diversity, it's easy to find a suitable cultivar when grow bamboo. The cultivars range from those that grow indoors to outdoors, in a garden or in a container, in bright light or shade.
Two considerations in knowing how to grow bamboo successfully are water and air. All true bamboos are grasses and won't grow in saturated soils. They also need air circulation to thrive. In fact, some bamboo growers raise the pots of their small cultivars on chopsticks to provide air circulation under the plant as well as around it. Large pots are often elevated with heavy dowels.
Bamboo is a symbol of long life, strength and versatility for many cultures of the world. Unraveling its mysteries is a continuing source of enjoyment. When you know how to grow bamboo, you'll find that your love for the plant grows as fast as your plant themselves do