Using transplants gets you started much faster than growing perennials from seeds does. Of course, the initial cost associated with perennial flowers is often higher. This is generally because perennial transplants are often sold after they are well established. Depending on the variety of perennial plant and its size, costs vary. Look at your perennial transplant purchases as an investment in landscaping and an expenditure that you won't need to repeat year after year.
When buying perennial plants from a garden center, you can save money by purchasing smaller perennial seedlings instead of the more established varieties in larger containers. Younger, smaller plants are usually as healthy as their older companions, although they may require a little more patience as you wait for them to reach maturity.
Nearly all bulbs are perennials. Each bulb is a self-contained growth factory. In some cases, all you need do to make a bulb bloom is add water! Bulbs can be purchased singly, in packets of just one cultivar or a mixture of several varieties. Planting bulbs is an excellent, inexpensive way for the beginning gardener to begin a gardening hobby.
Another, very satisfying way to obtain more perennial plants is by dividing existing plants already growing in your garden or by acquiring them from a generous neighbor or friend. Actually, sharing your perennials is beneficial since regular division of perennial plants encourages healthier growth.
It is possible to germinate and grow perennial seeds; however, it is typically more difficult than starting annual seeds. In addition to requiring a mound of patience, some perennial seeds also involve very specific care. Perennial seeds are also notorious for not being "true." That is, they often don't grow in the same fashion as their "mother" plant. When you start your garden with perennial flower transplants, you'll know exactly what to expect.
Most plants for perennial flower gardening can be planted from right after the first frost until autumn. Dig holes double the size of the transplant container. Remove the plant and loosen any tangled roots. Set your perennial in the hole at the same level it occupied in the container. You may need to backfill a little with your planting medium or soil. Use a water breaker to gently water your perennial plants while firming the soil around their roots.
After planting your perennial flowers, protect perennial garden beds with mulch. Mulch conserves water, maintains even soil temperature, and helps control weeds. Shredded pine bark (for acidic soils) or hardwood mulch (for alkaline soils) are both good commercial mulches. Some people use dried grass clippings for perennial flower gardening, but be on the watch out for weed seeds if you do.
Design perennial flower gardens as a backdrop into which you can also plant annuals. Locating perennial flowerbeds against a background rather than in the middle of your lawn is usually more aesthetically pleasing. Plants set against walls, fences, or shrubbery rows break tall vertical vistas into harmonious horizontal eye-candy.
An amazing profusion of perennial plants exists with varieties that can be grown under nearly every condition. Perennials are available for shade, full sun and semi-shade in either acidic or alkaline soils.
Soil for perennial flower gardening is vitally important. Most perennials like well-drained, loamy soil tilled to at least one foot in depth. Add soil amendments such as peat moss and organic fertilizer when you cultivate. Prepare beds several weeks before actual planting a perennial flower gardening site to give soil amendments time to start working.
Successful perennial flower gardening involves several important factors. Color, height, bloom time, foliage texture, and soil pH each play significant roles. Correct soil pH helps your beautiful transplants maintain their vibrancy. Test your soil from kits found at almost all garden centers or nurseries. If your nurseryperson can't give you plant pH information, look it up on any major Internet search engine. Just type in the name of your plants - either scientific or common names work equally well - and "pH." Recommended pH levels can be found for almost all perennial gardening plants.